Dictionaries

The dictionary is a powerful tool for learning Latin. After the grammar book, this is the most important resource for expanding your knowledge of the Latin language; once you reach intermediate-plus level in the Latinum Institute programme, it is time to start relying on Latino-Latinum resources as much as possible, to 'keep your head in Latin' and simulate to the degree possible in a world where there are no Romans, an immersive environment.

In the list of Latin books below you will find generalist dictionaries, and a second list of specialist subject-specific dictionaries for areas such as philosophy, zoology and chemistry.

ONLINE AND SEARCHABLE

GLOSSA - A Third Way Technologies. I like this unassuming Latin dictionary, it generates a drop-down list of words as you search, which is incredibly useful.

LATINO-LATINUM

Once a student reaches Intermediate-Plus level, they should be ready to move from a Latin-Vernacular dictionary to a Latin-Latin one. Unfortunately, there is currently no suitable student level Latin-Latin dictionary in print: we do have a number of dictionaries and thesauri that give Latin definitions that are useful for students, however, and I highly recommend spending time reading these, once your Latin is good enough. Dictionary reading is an excellent way to expand your knowledge of Latin.

Anon. Manulae Vocabulorum This dictionary gives very brief definitions of words in Latin - written for school pupils, this comes closest to what a student might require from a basic Latin-Latin schoolroom dictionary that I have seen so far.

Boccardo Vocabularium Pyladae Brixiani

Calepinus - Latinae atque adeo etiam Graecae Linguae Dictionarium

Calepinus Parvus

Comenius - Lexicon Januale: digitised by Evan der Millner. This is not strictly speaking a dictionary.

Comenius: Lexicon Atriale Latino-Latinum Also not a reference dictionary,; it does give basic definitions, however.

Dolet - Commentariorum Linguae Latinae Vol 1

Dolet - Commentariorum Linguae Latinae Vol 2

Dolet Formulae Latinarum Locutionum Illustriorum by Stephano Doleto Gallo Aurelio has a selection of definitions and phrases.

Étienne Thesaurus (Some students have found this to be a practical alternative.)

Fontanus Hortulus Puerorum

Forcellini Totius Latinitatis Lexicon

Gesner Novus Thesaurus

Gradus ad Parnassum - not strictly a dictionary, but it gives synonyms and antonyms, so often enough detail to work out what a word means, assuming you already have a baseline vocabulary.

Nizzoli Dictionarium Seu Thesaurus Latinae Linguae

Nizzoli Lexicon Ciceronianum

Serra Franciscus: Latin Thesaurus with short comprehensible Latin definitions. This pdf edition also has a gloss in German.

Trebellio Latinae Linguae Universae Promptuarium Pars Prima Pars Altera

Wagner Lexicon Latinum


SPECIALIST VOCABULARIES (LATINO-LATINUM)

Anon. Lexicon Juridicum

Blankaart Lexicon Medicum Tripertitum Pars Prima Pars Altera

D'Aquino Vocabularium Architecturae AEdificatoriae

Du-Pinet Historia Plantarum, Earum Imagines, Nomenclaturae, Qualitates etc.

Ernesti Lexicon Technologiae Latinorum Rhetoricae

Gessner De Omni Rerum Fossilium Genere, Gemmis, Lapidibus, Metallis, et huiusmodi etc

Gessner Nomenclator Aquatilium Animantium

Gessner Icones Animalium Quadrupedum

Gessner Historiæ Animalium Liber III. qui est De Avium Natura

Gessner Historia animalium: De Quadrupedibus Oviparis, Volume 2

Gockel Lexicon Philosophicum

Johnson Lexicon Chymicum

Kentmann Nomenclaturae Rerum Fossilium

Napolitani Lexicon Universi Corporis Juris Volumen Secundum

Pierruges Glossarium Eroticum Linguae Latinae

Rambach Thesaurus Eroticus Linguae Latinae

Schonefeld Ichthyologia et Nomenclaturae Animalium Marinorum

Scott Vocabularium Utriusque Juris

Signoriello Lexicon Peripateticum

Vitalis Lexicon Mathematicum Astronomicum Geometricum